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Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)

A group of disorders characterized by impairments in social interaction, imagination, verbal and nonverbal communication skills. Children diagnosed on the spectrum often appear to have a limited number of interests and activities that tend to be repetitive.

A child with ASD may:

  • Not respond to their name by 12 months of age
  • Not point to an object to show interest by 14 months of age
  • Not play pretend games by 18 months of age
  • Avoid eye contact and want to be alone
  • Have delayed receptive and expressive language development
  • Repeat words and phrases over and over (echolalia)
  • Give unrelated answers to questions
  • Get upset by minor changes
  • Have obsessive interests
  • Flap their hands, rock their bodies, or spin in circles